The Gospel

    Jesus   -   The Gospel  -  The Grace of God
    Soul  -  Spirit   -   False Prophets/Teachers  -  Truth  -  Wisdom   -   The Bible   -   The Church   -   God


Luke 2:1:20      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Jesus’ Birth in Bethlehem

       1.Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth.  2.This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.  3.And everyone was on his way to register for the census, each to his own city.  4.Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, order to register along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child.  6.While they were there, the days were completed for her to give birth.  7.And she gave birth to her firstborn son; and she wrapped Him in cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

       8.In the same region there were some shepherds staying out in the fields and keeping watch over their flock by night.  9.And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened.  10.But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be for all the people;  11.for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.  12.“This will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”  13.And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying,

       14.“Glory to God in the highest,
            And on earth peace among men with whom He is pleased.”

       15.When the angels had gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, “Let us go straight to Bethlehem then, and see this thing that has happened which the Lord has made known to us.”  16.So they came in a hurry and found their way to Mary and Joseph, and the baby as He lay in the manger.  17.When they had seen this, they made known the statement which had been told them about this Child.  18.And all who heard it wondered at the things which were told them by the shepherds.  19.But Mary treasured all these things, pondering them in her heart.  20.The shepherds went back, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, just as had been told them.



John 3:1-21      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The New Birth

       1.Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews;  2.this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.”  3.Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

       4.Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can he?”  5.Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.  6.“That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.  7.“Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’  8.“The wind blows where it wishes and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going; so is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

       9.Nicodemus said to Him, “How can these things be?”  10.Jesus answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Israel and do not understand these things?  11.“Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know and testify of what we have seen, and you do not accept our testimony.  12.“If I told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things?  13.“No one has ascended into heaven, but He who descended from heaven: the Son of Man.  14.“As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up; that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life.

       16.“For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.  17.“For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him.  18.“He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.  19.“This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.  20.“For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed.  21.“But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”




Romans 1      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Gospel Exalted

       1.Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God,  2.which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,  3.concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,  4.who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,  5.through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake,  6.among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ; all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

       8.First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world.  9.For God, whom I serve in my spirit in the preaching of the gospel of His Son, is my witness as to how unceasingly I make mention of you,  10.always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you.  11.For I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be established;  12.that is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine.  13.I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles.  14.I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.  15.So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

       16.For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.  17.For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “BUT THE RIGHTEOUS man SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”

Unbelief and Its Consequences

       18.For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,  19.because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them.  20.For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.  21.For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.  22.Professing to be wise, they became fools,  23.and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures.

       24.Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them.  25.For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

       26.For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural,  27.and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.

       28.And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper,  29.being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are gossips,  30.slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,  31.without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;  32.and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.




The word gospel derives from the Old English gōd-spell (rarely godspel), meaning "good news" or "glad tidings", and is a calque (word-for-word translation) of the Greek word εὐαγγέλιον, euangelion (eu- "good", -angelion "message").



Romans 10      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Word of Faith Brings Salvation

       1.Brethren, my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation.  2.For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge.  3.For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.  4.For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

       5.For Moses writes that the man who practices the righteousness which is based on law shall live by that righteousness.  6.But the righteousness based on faith speaks as follows: “DO NOT SAY IN YOUR HEART, ‘WHO WILL ASCEND INTO HEAVEN?’ (that is, to bring Christ down),  7.or ‘WHO WILL DESCEND INTO THE ABYSS?’ (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).”  8.But what does it say? “THE WORD IS NEAR YOU, IN YOUR MOUTH AND IN YOUR HEART”—that is, the word of faith which we are preaching,  9.that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved;  10.for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation.  11.For the Scripture says, “WHOEVER BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED.”  12.For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call on Him;  13.for “WHOEVER WILL CALL ON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED.”

       14.How then will they call on Him in whom they have not believed? How will they believe in Him whom they have not heard? And how will they hear without a preacher?  15.How will they preach unless they are sent? Just as it is written, “HOW BEAUTIFUL ARE THE FEET OF THOSE WHO BRING GOOD NEWS OF GOOD THINGS!”

       16.However, they did not all heed the good news; for Isaiah says, “LORD, WHO HAS BELIEVED OUR REPORT?”  17.So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.

       18.But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? Indeed they have;

19.But I say, surely Israel did not know, did they? First Moses says,

20.And Isaiah is very bold and says,




 Romans 10:11  

Isaiah 28:14-29      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
Judah Is Warned
14.Therefore, hear the word of the LORD, O scoffers,
           Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,
15.Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death,
           And with Sheol we have made a pact.
           The overwhelming scourge will not reach us when it passes by,
           For we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.”
16.Therefore thus says the Lord GOD,
           “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone,
           A costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed.
           He who believes in it will not be disturbed.
17.“I will make justice the measuring line
           And righteousness the level;
           Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies
           And the waters will overflow the secret place.
18.“Your covenant with death will be canceled,
           And your pact with Sheol will not stand;
           When the overwhelming scourge passes through,
           Then you become its trampling place.
19.“As often as it passes through, it will seize you;
           For morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night,
           And it will be sheer terror to understand what it means.”
20.The bed is too short on which to stretch out,
           And the blanket is too small to wrap oneself in.
21.For the LORD will rise up as at Mount Perazim,
            He will be stirred up as in the valley of Gibeon,
            To do His task, His unusual task,
            And to work His work, His extraordinary work.
22.And now do not carry on as scoffers,
            Or your fetters will be made stronger;
            For I have heard from the Lord G
OD of hosts
            Of decisive destruction on all the earth.

       23.Give ear and hear my voice,
            Listen and hear my words.
24.Does the farmer plow continually to plant seed?
            Does he continually turn and harrow the ground?
25.Does he not level its surface
            And sow dill and scatter cummin
            And plant wheat in rows,
            Barley in its place and rye within its area?
26.For his God instructs and teaches him properly.
27.For dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge,
            Nor is the cartwheel driven over cummin;
            But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.
28.Grain for bread is crushed,
            Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.
            Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually damage it,
            He does not thresh it longer.
29.This also comes from the LORD of hosts,
           Who has made His counsel wonderful and His wisdom great.



 Romans 10:13  

Joel 2:30-32      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
The Day of the L
30.“I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth,
            Blood, fire and columns of smoke.
31.“The sun will be turned into darkness
            And the moon into blood
            Before the great and awesome day of the L
ORD comes.
32.“And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD
            Will be delivered;
            For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem
            There will be those who escape,
            As the
LORD has said,
            Even among the survivors whom the
LORD calls.



 Romans 10:15  

Isaiah 52      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
Cheer for Prostrate Zion
1.Awake, awake,
          Clothe yourself in your strength, O Zion;
          Clothe yourself in your beautiful garments,
          O Jerusalem, the holy city;
          For the uncircumcised and the unclean
          Will no longer come into you.
2.Shake yourself from the dust, rise up,
          O captive Jerusalem;
          Loose yourself from the chains around your neck,
          O captive daughter of Zion.
3.For thus says the LORD, “You were sold for nothing and you will be redeemed without money.”  4.For thus says the Lord GOD, “My people went down at the first into Egypt to reside there; then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.  5.“Now therefore, what do I have here,” declares the LORD, “seeing that My people have been taken away without cause?” Again the LORD declares, “Those who rule over them howl, and My name is continually blasphemed all day long.  6.“Therefore My people shall know My name; therefore in that day I am the one who is speaking, ‘Here I am.’”
7.How lovely on the mountains
          Are the feet of him who brings good news,
          Who announces peace
          And brings good news of happiness,
          Who announces salvation,
          And says to Zion, “Your God reigns!”
8.Listen! Your watchmen lift up their voices,
          They shout joyfully together;
          For they will see with their own eyes
          When the L
ORD restores Zion.
9.Break forth, shout joyfully together,
          You waste places of Jerusalem;
          For the L
ORD has comforted His people,
          He has redeemed Jerusalem.
10.The LORD has bared His holy arm
           In the sight of all the nations,
           That all the ends of the earth may see
           The salvation of our God.

       11.Depart, depart, go out from there,
           Touch nothing unclean;
           Go out of the midst of her, purify yourselves,
           You who carry the vessels of the L
12.But you will not go out in haste,
           Nor will you go as fugitives;
           For the L
ORD will go before you,
           And the God of Israel will be your rear guard.

The Exalted Servant
       13.Behold, My servant will prosper,
           He will be high and lifted up and greatly exalted.
14.Just as many were astonished at you, My people,
           So His appearance was marred more than any man
           And His form more than the sons of men.
15.Thus He will sprinkle many nations,
           Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him;
           For what had not been told them they will see,
           And what they had not heard they will understand.



 Romans 10:18  

Psalm 19      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
The Works and the Word of God.
For the choir director. A Psalm of David.
1.The heavens are telling of the glory of God;
          And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.
2.Day to day pours forth speech,
          And night to night reveals knowledge.
3.There is no speech, nor are there words;
          Their voice is not heard.
4.Their line has gone out through all the earth,
          And their utterances to the end of the world.
          In them He has placed a tent for the sun,
5.Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber;
          It rejoices as a strong man to run his course.
6.Its rising is from one end of the heavens,
          And its circuit to the other end of them;
          And there is nothing hidden from its heat.

       7.The law of the LORD is perfect, restoring the soul;
          The testimony of the L
ORD is sure, making wise the simple.
8.The precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart;
          The commandment of the L
ORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.
9.The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring forever;
          The judgments of the L
ORD are true; they are righteous altogether.
10.They are more desirable than gold, yes, than much fine gold;
           Sweeter also than honey and the drippings of the honeycomb.
11.Moreover, by them Your servant is warned;
           In keeping them there is great reward.
12.Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.
13.Also keep back Your servant from presumptuous sins;
           Let them not rule over me;
           Then I will be blameless,
           And I shall be acquitted of great transgression.
14.Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart
           Be acceptable in Your sight,
           O L
ORD, my rock and my Redeemer.  



 Romans 10:20-21  

Isaiah 65:1-16      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
A Rebellious People
1.“I permitted Myself to be sought by those who did not ask for Me;
          I permitted Myself to be found by those who did not seek Me.
          I said, ‘Here am I, here am I,’
          To a nation which did not call on My name.
2.“I have spread out My hands all day long to a rebellious people,
          Who walk in the way which is not good, following their own thoughts,
3.A people who continually provoke Me to My face,
          Offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on bricks;
4.Who sit among graves and spend the night in secret places;
          Who eat swine’s flesh,
          And the broth of unclean meat is in their pots.
5.“Who say, ‘Keep to yourself, do not come near me,
          For I am holier than you!’
          These are smoke in My nostrils,
          A fire that burns all the day.
6.“Behold, it is written before Me,
          I will not keep silent, but I will repay;
          I will even repay into their bosom,
7.Both their own iniquities and the iniquities of their fathers together,” says the LORD.
          “Because they have burned incense on the mountains
          And scorned Me on the hills,
          Therefore I will measure their former work into their bosom.”

       8.Thus says the LORD,
          “As the new wine is found in the cluster,
          And one says, ‘Do not destroy it, for there is benefit in it,’
          So I will act on behalf of My servants
          In order not to destroy all of them.
9.“I will bring forth offspring from Jacob,
          And an heir of My mountains from Judah;
          Even My chosen ones shall inherit it,
          And My servants will dwell there.
10.“Sharon will be a pasture land for flocks,
           And the valley of Achor a resting place for herds,
           For My people who seek Me.
11.“But you who forsake the LORD,
           Who forget My holy mountain,
           Who set a table for Fortune,
           And who fill cups with mixed wine for Destiny,
12.I will destine you for the sword,
           And all of you will bow down to the slaughter.
           Because I called, but you did not answer;
           I spoke, but you did not hear.
            And you did evil in My sight
           And chose that in which I did not delight.”

       13.Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD,
           “Behold, My servants will eat, but you will be hungry.
           Behold, My servants will drink, but you will be thirsty.
           Behold, My servants will rejoice, but you will be put to shame.
14.“Behold, My servants will shout joyfully with a glad heart,
           But you will cry out with a heavy heart,
           And you will wail with a broken spirit.
15.“You will leave your name for a curse to My chosen ones,
           And the Lord G
OD will slay you.
           But My servants will be called by another name.
16.“Because he who is blessed in the earth
            Will be blessed by the God of truth;
           And he who swears in the earth
           Will swear by the God of truth;
           Because the former troubles are forgotten,
           And because they are hidden from My sight!



Mark 1:1:28      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Preaching of John the Baptist

       1.The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

       2.As it is written in Isaiah the prophet:


       4.John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.  5.And all the country of Judea was going out to him, and all the people of Jerusalem; and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.  6.John was clothed with camel’s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist, and his diet was locusts and wild honey.  7.And he was preaching, and saying, “After me One is coming who is mightier than I, and I am not fit to stoop down and untie the thong of His sandals.  8.“I baptized you with water; but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.”

The Baptism of Jesus

       9.In those days Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan.  10.Immediately coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens opening, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him;  11.and a voice came out of the heavens: “You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.”

       12.Immediately the Spirit impelled Him to go out into the wilderness.  13.And He was in the wilderness forty days being tempted by Satan; and He was with the wild beasts, and the angels were ministering to Him.

Jesus Preaches in Galilee

       14.Now after John had been taken into custody, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of God,  15.and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”

       16.As He was going along by the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew, the brother of Simon, casting a net in the sea; for they were fishermen.  17.And Jesus said to them, “Follow Me, and I will make you become fishers of men.”  18.Immediately they left their nets and followed Him.  19.Going on a little farther, He saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who were also in the boat mending the nets.  20.Immediately He called them; and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and went away to follow Him.

       21.They went into Capernaum; and immediately on the Sabbath He entered the synagogue and began to teach.  22.They were amazed at His teaching; for He was teaching them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.  23.Just then there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,  24.saying, “What business do we have with each other, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!”  25.And Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!”  26.Throwing him into convulsions, the unclean spirit cried out with a loud voice and came out of him.  27.They were all amazed, so that they debated among themselves, saying, “What is this? A new teaching with authority! He commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey Him.”  28.Immediately the news about Him spread everywhere into all the surrounding district of Galilee.



Luke 16:1-18      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Unrighteous Steward

       1.Now He was also saying to the disciples, “There was a rich man who had a manager, and this manager was reported to him as squandering his possessions.  2.“And he called him and said to him, ‘What is this I hear about you? Give an accounting of your management, for you can no longer be manager.’  3.“The manager said to himself, ‘What shall I do, since my master is taking the management away from me? I am not strong enough to dig; I am ashamed to beg.  4.‘I know what I shall do, so that when I am removed from the management people will welcome me into their homes.’  5.“And he summoned each one of his master’s debtors, and he began saying to the first, ‘How much do you owe my master?’  6.“And he said, ‘A hundred measures of oil.’ And he said to him, ‘Take your bill, and sit down quickly and write fifty.’  7.“Then he said to another, ‘And how much do you owe?’ And he said, ‘A hundred measures of wheat.’ He said to him, ‘Take your bill, and write eighty.’  8.“And his master praised the unrighteous manager because he had acted shrewdly; for the sons of this age are more shrewd in relation to their own kind than the sons of light.  9.“And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by means of the wealth of unrighteousness, so that when it fails, they will receive you into the eternal dwellings.  

       10.“He who is faithful in a very little thing is faithful also in much; and he who is unrighteous in a very little thing is unrighteous also in much.  11.“Therefore if you have not been faithful in the use of unrighteous wealth, who will entrust the true riches to you?  12.“And if you have not been faithful in the use of that which is another’s, who will give you that which is your own?  13.“No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and wealth.”

       14.Now the Pharisees, who were lovers of money, were listening to all these things and were scoffing at Him.  15.And He said to them, “You are those who justify yourselves in the sight of men, but God knows your hearts; for that which is highly esteemed among men is detestable in the sight of God.

       16.“The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until John; since that time the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is forcing his way into it.  17.“But it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one stroke of a letter of the Law to fail.

       18.“Everyone who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery, and he who marries one who is divorced from a husband commits adultery.



Ephesians 2      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Made Alive in Christ

       1.And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.  3.Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.  4.But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us,  5.even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),  6.and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.  8.For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;  9.not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.  10.For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.

       11.Therefore remember that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called “Uncircumcision” by the so-called “Circumcision,” which is performed in the flesh by human hands—  12.remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.  13.But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.  14.For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace,  16.and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity.  17.AND HE CAME AND PREACHED PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE FAR AWAY, AND PEACE TO THOSE WHO WERE NEAR 18.for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father.  19.So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household,  20.having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, whom the whole building, being fitted together, is growing into a holy temple in the Lord, whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.



Acts 14      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Acceptance and Opposition

       1.In Iconium they entered the synagogue of the Jews together, and spoke in such a manner that a large number of people believed, both of Jews and of Greeks.  2.But the Jews who disbelieved stirred up the minds of the Gentiles and embittered them against the brethren.  3.Therefore they spent a long time there speaking boldly with reliance upon the Lord, who was testifying to the word of His grace, granting that signs and wonders be done by their hands.  4.But the people of the city were divided; and some sided with the Jews, and some with the apostles.  5.And when an attempt was made by both the Gentiles and the Jews with their rulers, to mistreat and to stone them,  6.they became aware of it and fled to the cities of Lycaonia, Lystra and Derbe, and the surrounding region;  7.and there they continued to preach the gospel.

       8.At Lystra a man was sitting who had no strength in his feet, lame from his mother’s womb, who had never walked.  9.This man was listening to Paul as he spoke, who, when he had fixed his gaze on him and had seen that he had faith to be made well,  10.said with a loud voice, “Stand upright on your feet.” And he leaped up and began to walk.  11.When the crowds saw what Paul had done, they raised their voice, saying in the Lycaonian language, “The gods have become like men and have come down to us.”  12.And they began calling Barnabas, Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker.  13.The priest of Zeus, whose temple was just outside the city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and wanted to offer sacrifice with the crowds.  14.But when the apostles Barnabas and Paul heard of it, they tore their robes and rushed out into the crowd, crying out  15.and saying, “Men, why are you doing these things? We are also men of the same nature as you, and preach the gospel to you that you should turn from these vain things to a living God, WHO MADE THE HEAVEN AND THE EARTH AND THE SEA AND ALL THAT IS IN THEM16.“In the generations gone by He permitted all the nations to go their own ways;  17.and yet He did not leave Himself without witness, in that He did good and gave you rains from heaven and fruitful seasons, satisfying your hearts with food and gladness.”  18.Even saying these things, with difficulty they restrained the crowds from offering sacrifice to them.

       19.But Jews came from Antioch and Iconium, and having won over the crowds, they stoned Paul and dragged him out of the city, supposing him to be dead.  20.But while the disciples stood around him, he got up and entered the city. The next day he went away with Barnabas to Derbe.  21.After they had preached the gospel to that city and had made many disciples, they returned to Lystra and to Iconium and to Antioch,  22.strengthening the souls of the disciples, encouraging them to continue in the faith, and saying, “Through many tribulations we must enter the kingdom of God.”  23.When they had appointed elders for them in every church, having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

       24.They passed through Pisidia and came into Pamphylia.  25.When they had spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia.  26.From there they sailed to Antioch, from which they had been commended to the grace of God for the work that they had accomplished.  27.When they had arrived and gathered the church together, they began to report all things that God had done with them and how He had opened a door of faith to the Gentiles.  28.And they spent a long time with the disciples.



Galatians 1      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  

       1.Paul, an apostle (not sent from men nor through the agency of man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead),  2.and all the brethren who are with me,
       To the churches of Galatia:

       3.Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ,  4.who gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, whom be the glory forevermore. Amen.

Perversion of the Gospel

       6.I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel;  7.which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.  8.But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed!  9.As we have said before, so I say again now, if any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, he is to be accursed!

       10.For am I now seeking the favor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be a bond-servant of Christ.

Paul Defends His Ministry

       11.For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man.  12.For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.

       13.For you have heard of my former manner of life in Judaism, how I used to persecute the church of God beyond measure and tried to destroy it;  14.and I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my ancestral traditions.  15.But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, was pleased reveal His Son in me so that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood,  17.nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to Damascus.

       18.Then three years later I went up to Jerusalem to become acquainted with Cephas, and stayed with him fifteen days.  19.But I did not see any other of the apostles except James, the Lord’s brother.  20.(Now in what I am writing to you, I assure you before God that I am not lying.)  21.Then I went into the regions of Syria and Cilicia.  22.I was still unknown by sight to the churches of Judea which were in Christ;  23.but only, they kept hearing, “He who once persecuted us is now preaching the faith which he once tried to destroy.”  24.And they were glorifying God because of me.



Galatians 3:1-14      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Faith Brings Righteousness

       1.You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified?  2.This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?  3.Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh?  4.Did you suffer so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain?  5.So then, does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?

       6.Even so Abraham BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS 7.Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham.  8.The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “ALL THE NATIONS WILL BE BLESSED IN YOU.”  9.So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer.

       10.For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDE BY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TO PERFORM THEM.”  11.Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”  12.However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “HE WHO PRACTICES THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM.”  13.Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE”— order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.



 Galatians 3:6  

Genesis 15      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
Abram Promised a Son

       1.After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision, saying,
            “Do not fear, Abram,
            I am a shield to you;
            Your reward shall be very great.”

2.Abram said, “O Lord GOD, what will You give me, since I am childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?”  3.And Abram said, “Since You have given no offspring to me, one born in my house is my heir.”  4.Then behold, the word of the LORD came to him, saying, “This man will not be your heir; but one who will come forth from your own body, he shall be your heir.”  5.And He took him outside and said, “Now look toward the heavens, and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be.”  6.Then he believed in the LORD; and He reckoned it to him as righteousness.  7.And He said to him, “I am the LORD who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to possess it.”  8.He said, “O Lord GOD, how may I know that I will possess it?”  9.So He said to him, “Bring Me a three year old heifer, and a three year old female goat, and a three year old ram, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.”  10.Then he brought all these to Him and cut them in two, and laid each half opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds.  11.The birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

       12.Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him.  13.God said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years.  14.“But I will also judge the nation whom they will serve, and afterward they will come out with many possessions.  15.“As for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you will be buried at a good old age.  16.“Then in the fourth generation they will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet complete.”

       17.It came about when the sun had set, that it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces.  18.On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying,
            “To your descendants I have given this land,
            From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates:

19.the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite  20.and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Rephaim  21.and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Girgashite and the Jebusite.”



 Galatians 3:8  

Genesis 22      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
The Offering of Isaac

       1.Now it came about after these things, that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”  2.He said, “Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.”  3.So Abraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him and Isaac his son; and he split wood for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place of which God had told him.  4.On the third day Abraham raised his eyes and saw the place from a distance.  5.Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey, and I and the lad will go over there; and we will worship and return to you.”  6.Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son, and he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So the two of them walked on together.  7.Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?”  8.Abraham said, “God will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” So the two of them walked on together.

       9.Then they came to the place of which God had told him; and Abraham built the altar there and arranged the wood, and bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood.  10.Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.  11.But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”  12.He said, “Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”  13.Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son.  14.Abraham called the name of that place The LORD Will Provide, as it is said to this day, “In the mount of the LORD it will be provided.”

       15.Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,  16.and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son,  17.indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies.  18.“In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”  19.So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham lived at Beersheba.

       20.Now it came about after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, “Behold, Milcah also has borne children to your brother Nahor:  21.Uz his firstborn and Buz his brother and Kemuel the father of Aram  22.and Chesed and Hazo and Pildash and Jidlaph and Bethuel.”  23.Bethuel became the father of Rebekah; these eight Milcah bore to Nahor, Abraham’s brother.  24.His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore Tebah and Gaham and Tahash and Maacah.



 Galatians 3:10  

Deuteronomy 27      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
The Curses of Mount Ebal

       1.Then Moses and the elders of Israel charged the people, saying, “Keep all the commandments which I command you today.  2.“So it shall be on the day when you cross the Jordan to the land which the LORD your God gives you, that you shall set up for yourself large stones and coat them with lime  3.and write on them all the words of this law, when you cross over, so that you may enter the land which the LORD your God gives you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as the LORD, the God of your fathers, promised you.  4.“So it shall be when you cross the Jordan, you shall set up on Mount Ebal, these stones, as I am commanding you today, and you shall coat them with lime.  5.“Moreover, you shall build there an altar to the LORD your God, an altar of stones; you shall not wield an iron tool on them.  6.“You shall build the altar of the LORD your God of uncut stones, and you shall offer on it burnt offerings to the LORD your God;  7.and you shall sacrifice peace offerings and eat there, and rejoice before the LORD your God.  8.“You shall write on the stones all the words of this law very distinctly.”

       9.Then Moses and the Levitical priests spoke to all Israel, saying, “Be silent and listen, O Israel! This day you have become a people for the LORD your God.  10.“You shall therefore obey the LORD your God, and do His commandments and His statutes which I command you today.”

       11.Moses also charged the people on that day, saying,  12.“When you cross the Jordan, these shall stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin.  13.“For the curse, these shall stand on Mount Ebal: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.  14.“The Levites shall then answer and say to all the men of Israel with a loud voice,

       15.‘Cursed is the man who makes an idol or a molten image, an abomination to the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and sets it up in secret.’ And all the people shall answer and say, ‘Amen.’

       16.‘Cursed is he who dishonors his father or mother.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       17.‘Cursed is he who moves his neighbor’s boundary mark.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       18.‘Cursed is he who misleads a blind person on the road.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       19.‘Cursed is he who distorts the justice due an alien, orphan, and widow.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       20.‘Cursed is he who lies with his father’s wife, because he has uncovered his father’s skirt.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       21.‘Cursed is he who lies with any animal.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       22.‘Cursed is he who lies with his sister, the daughter of his father or of his mother.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       23.‘Cursed is he who lies with his mother-in-law.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       24.‘Cursed is he who strikes his neighbor in secret.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       25.‘Cursed is he who accepts a bribe to strike down an innocent person.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

       26.‘Cursed is he who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’



 Galatians 3:11  

Habakkuk 2      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
God Answers the Prophet
1.I will stand on my guard post
          And station myself on the rampart;
          And I will keep watch to see what He will speak to me,
          And how I may reply when I am reproved.
2.Then the LORD answered me and said,
          “Record the vision
          And inscribe it on tablets,
          That the one who reads it may run.
3.“For the vision is yet for the appointed time;
          It hastens toward the goal and it will not fail.
          Though it tarries, wait for it;
          For it will certainly come, it will not delay.

       4.“Behold, as for the proud one,
          His soul is not right within him;
          But the righteous will live by his faith.
5.“Furthermore, wine betrays the haughty man,
          So that he does not stay at home.
          He enlarges his appetite like Sheol,
          And he is like death, never satisfied.
          He also gathers to himself all nations
          And collects to himself all peoples.

       6.“Will not all of these take up a taunt-song against him,
          Even mockery and insinuations against him
          And say, ‘Woe to him who increases what is not his—
          For how long—
          And makes himself rich with loans?’

7.“Will not your creditors rise up suddenly,
          And those who collect from you awaken?
          Indeed, you will become plunder for them.
8.“Because you have looted many nations,
          All the remainder of the peoples will loot you—
          Because of human bloodshed and violence done to the land,
          To the town and all its inhabitants.

       9.“Woe to him who gets evil gain for his house
          To put his nest on high,
          To be delivered from the hand of calamity!
10.“You have devised a shameful thing for your house
            By cutting off many peoples;
            So you are sinning against yourself.
11.“Surely the stone will cry out from the wall,
            And the rafter will answer it from the framework.

       12.“Woe to him who builds a city with bloodshed
            And founds a town with violence!
13.“Is it not indeed from the LORD of hosts
            That peoples toil for fire,
            And nations grow weary for nothing?
14.“For the earth will be filled
            With the knowledge of the glory of the L
            As the waters cover the sea.

       15.“Woe to you who make your neighbors drink,
            Who mix in your venom even to make them drunk
            So as to look on their nakedness!
16.“You will be filled with disgrace rather than honor.
            Now you yourself drink and expose your own nakedness.
            The cup in the L
ORDS right hand will come around to you,
            And utter disgrace will come upon your glory.
17.“For the violence done to Lebanon will overwhelm you,
            And the devastation of its beasts by which you terrified them,
            Because of human bloodshed and violence done to the land,
            To the town and all its inhabitants.

       18.“What profit is the idol when its maker has carved it,
            Or an image, a teacher of falsehood?
            For its maker trusts in his own handiwork
            When he fashions speechless idols.
19.“Woe to him who says to a piece of wood, ‘Awake!’
            To a mute stone, ‘Arise!’
            And that is your teacher?
            Behold, it is overlaid with gold and silver,
            And there is no breath at all inside it.
20.“But the LORD is in His holy temple.
            Let all the earth be silent before Him.”



 Galatians 3:12  

Leviticus 18      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
Laws on Immoral Relations

       1.Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,  2.“Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘I am the LORD your God.  3.‘You shall not do what is done in the land of Egypt where you lived, nor are you to do what is done in the land of Canaan where I am bringing you; you shall not walk in their statutes.  4.‘You are to perform My judgments and keep My statutes, to live in accord with them; I am the LORD your God.  5.‘So you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, by which a man may live if he does them; I am the LORD.

       6.‘None of you shall approach any blood relative of his to uncover nakedness; I am the LORD7.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, that is, the nakedness of your mother. She is your mother; you are not to uncover her nakedness.  8.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife; it is your father’s nakedness.  9.‘The nakedness of your sister, either your father’s daughter or your mother’s daughter, whether born at home or born outside, their nakedness you shall not uncover.  10.‘The nakedness of your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter, their nakedness you shall not uncover; for their nakedness is yours.  11.‘The nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, born to your father, she is your sister, you shall not uncover her nakedness.  12.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister; she is your father’s blood relative.  13.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister, for she is your mother’s blood relative.  14.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother; you shall not approach his wife, she is your aunt.  15.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law; she is your son’s wife, you shall not uncover her nakedness.  16.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife; it is your brother’s nakedness.  17.‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are blood relatives. It is lewdness.  18.‘You shall not marry a woman in addition to her sister as a rival while she is alive, to uncover her nakedness.

       19.‘Also you shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness during her menstrual impurity.  20.‘You shall not have intercourse with your neighbor’s wife, to be defiled with her.  21.‘You shall not give any of your offspring to offer them to Molech, nor shall you profane the name of your God; I am the LORD22.‘You shall not lie with a male as one lies with a female; it is an abomination.  23.‘Also you shall not have intercourse with any animal to be defiled with it, nor shall any woman stand before an animal to mate with it; it is a perversion.

       24.‘Do not defile yourselves by any of these things; for by all these the nations which I am casting out before you have become defiled.  25.‘For the land has become defiled, therefore I have brought its punishment upon it, so the land has spewed out its inhabitants.  26.‘But as for you, you are to keep My statutes and My judgments and shall not do any of these abominations, neither the native, nor the alien who sojourns among you  27.(for the men of the land who have been before you have done all these abominations, and the land has become defiled); that the land will not spew you out, should you defile it, as it has spewed out the nation which has been before you.  29.‘For whoever does any of these abominations, those persons who do so shall be cut off from among their people.  30.‘Thus you are to keep My charge, that you do not practice any of the abominable customs which have been practiced before you, so as not to defile yourselves with them; I am the LORD your God.’”



 Galatians 3:13  

Deuteronomy 21      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Hebrew Interlinear  
Expiation of a Crime

       1.“If a slain person is found lying in the open country in the land which the LORD your God gives you to possess, and it is not known who has struck him,  2.then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure the distance to the cities which are around the slain one.  3.“It shall be that the city which is nearest to the slain man, that is, the elders of that city, shall take a heifer of the herd, which has not been worked and which has not pulled in a yoke;  4.and the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with running water, which has not been plowed or sown, and shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley.  5.“Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for the LORD your God has chosen them to serve Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; and every dispute and every assault shall be settled by them.  6.“All the elders of that city which is nearest to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley;  7.and they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it.  8.‘Forgive Your people Israel whom You have redeemed, O LORD, and do not place the guilt of innocent blood in the midst of Your people Israel.’ And the bloodguiltiness shall be forgiven them.  9.“So you shall remove the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the eyes of the LORD.

Domestic Relations

       10.“When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them away captive,  11.and see among the captives a beautiful woman, and have a desire for her and would take her as a wife for yourself,  12.then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall shave her head and trim her nails.  13.“She shall also remove the clothes of her captivity and shall remain in your house, and mourn her father and mother a full month; and after that you may go in to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife.  14.“It shall be, if you are not pleased with her, then you shall let her go wherever she wishes; but you shall certainly not sell her for money, you shall not mistreat her, because you have humbled her.

       15.“If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him sons, if the firstborn son belongs to the unloved,  16.then it shall be in the day he wills what he has to his sons, he cannot make the son of the loved the firstborn before the son of the unloved, who is the firstborn.  17.“But he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the unloved, by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the beginning of his strength; to him belongs the right of the firstborn.

       18.“If any man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father or his mother, and when they chastise him, he will not even listen to them,  19.then his father and mother shall seize him, and bring him out to the elders of his city at the gateway of his hometown.  20.“They shall say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey us, he is a glutton and a drunkard.’  21.“Then all the men of his city shall stone him to death; so you shall remove the evil from your midst, and all Israel will hear of it and fear.

       22.“If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,  23.his corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (for he who is hanged is accursed of God), so that you do not defile your land which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance.



1 John 4      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Testing the Spirits

       1.Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world.  2.By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God;  3.and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God; this is the spirit of the antichrist, of which you have heard that it is coming, and now it is already in the world.  4.You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.  5.They are from the world; therefore they speak as from the world, and the world listens to them.  6.We are from God; he who knows God listens to us; he who is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error.

God Is Love

       7.Beloved, let us love one another, for love is from God; and everyone who loves is born of God and knows God.  8.The one who does not love does not know God, for God is love.  9.By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him.  10.In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.  11.Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another.  12.No one has seen God at any time; if we love one another, God abides in us, and His love is perfected in us.  13.By this we know that we abide in Him and He in us, because He has given us of His Spirit.  14.We have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.

       15.Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God.  16.We have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love, and the one who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.  17.By this, love is perfected with us, so that we may have confidence in the day of judgment; because as He is, so also are we in this world.  18.There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves punishment, and the one who fears is not perfected in love.  19.We love, because He first loved us.  20.If someone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for the one who does not love his brother whom he has seen, cannot love God whom he has not seen.  21.And this commandment we have from Him, that the one who loves God should love his brother also.



John 8      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Adulterous Woman

       1.But Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.  2.Early in the morning He came again into the temple, and all the people were coming to Him; and He sat down and began to teach them.  3.The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman caught in adultery, and having set her in the center of the court,  4.they said to Him, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in adultery, in the very act.  5.“Now in the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?”  6.They were saying this, testing Him, so that they might have grounds for accusing Him. But Jesus stooped down and with His finger wrote on the ground.  7.But when they persisted in asking Him, He straightened up, and said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.”  8.Again He stooped down and wrote on the ground.  9.When they heard it, they began to go out one by one, beginning with the older ones, and He was left alone, and the woman, where she was, in the center of the court.  10.Straightening up, Jesus said to her, “Woman, where are they? Did no one condemn you?”  11.She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you, either. Go. From now on sin no more.”]

Jesus Is the Light of the World

       12.Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”  13.So the Pharisees said to Him, “You are testifying about Yourself; Your testimony is not true.”  14.Jesus answered and said to them, “Even if I testify about Myself, My testimony is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going; but you do not know where I come from or where I am going.  15.“You judge according to the flesh; I am not judging anyone.  16.“But even if I do judge, My judgment is true; for I am not alone in it, but I and the Father who sent Me.  17.“Even in your law it has been written that the testimony of two men is true.  18.“I am He who testifies about Myself, and the Father who sent Me testifies about Me.”  19.So they were saying to Him, “Where is Your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither Me nor My Father; if you knew Me, you would know My Father also.”  20.These words He spoke in the treasury, as He taught in the temple; and no one seized Him, because His hour had not yet come.

       21.Then He said again to them, “I go away, and you will seek Me, and will die in your sin; where I am going, you cannot come.”  22.So the Jews were saying, “Surely He will not kill Himself, will He, since He says, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?”  23.And He was saying to them, “You are from below, I am from above; you are of this world, I am not of this world.  24.“Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for unless you believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.”  25.So they were saying to Him, “Who are You?” Jesus said to them, “What have I been saying to you from the beginning?  26.“I have many things to speak and to judge concerning you, but He who sent Me is true; and the things which I heard from Him, these I speak to the world.” 27.They did not realize that He had been speaking to them about the Father.  28.So Jesus said, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and I do nothing on My own initiative, but I speak these things as the Father taught Me.  29.“And He who sent Me is with Me; He has not left Me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to Him.”  30.As He spoke these things, many came to believe in Him.

The Truth Will Make You Free

       31.So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, “If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine;  32.and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.”  33.They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never yet been enslaved to anyone; how is it that You say, ‘You will become free’?”

       34.Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is the slave of sin.  35.“The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son does remain forever.  36.“So if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.  37.“I know that you are Abraham’s descendants; yet you seek to kill Me, because My word has no place in you.  38.“I speak the things which I have seen with My Father; therefore you also do the things which you heard from your father.”

       39.They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you are Abraham’s children, do the deeds of Abraham.  40.“But as it is, you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.  41.“You are doing the deeds of your father.” They said to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father: God.”  42.Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and have come from God, for I have not even come on My own initiative, but He sent Me.  43.“Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot hear My word.  44.“You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.  45.“But because I speak the truth, you do not believe Me.  46.“Which one of you convicts Me of sin? If I speak truth, why do you not believe Me?  47.“He who is of God hears the words of God; for this reason you do not hear them, because you are not of God.”

       48.The Jews answered and said to Him, “Do we not say rightly that You are a Samaritan and have a demon?”  49.Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon; but I honor My Father, and you dishonor Me.  50.“But I do not seek My glory; there is One who seeks and judges.  51.“Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps My word he will never see death.”  52.The Jews said to Him, “Now we know that You have a demon. Abraham died, and the prophets also; and You say, ‘If anyone keeps My word, he will never taste of death.’  53.“Surely You are not greater than our father Abraham, who died? The prophets died too; whom do You make Yourself out to be?”  54.Jesus answered, “If I glorify Myself, My glory is nothing; it is My Father who glorifies Me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God’;  55.and you have not come to know Him, but I know Him; and if I say that I do not know Him, I will be a liar like you, but I do know Him and keep His word.  56.“Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.”  57.So the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?”  58.Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am.”  59.Therefore they picked up stones to throw at Him, but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the temple.




Mark 8:27-38      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Peter’s Confession of Christ

       27.Jesus went out, along with His disciples, to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way He questioned His disciples, saying to them, “Who do people say that I am?”  28.They told Him, saying, “John the Baptist; and others say Elijah; but others, one of the prophets.”  29.And He continued by questioning them, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered and said to Him, “You are the Christ.”  30.And He warned them to tell no one about Him.

       31.And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.  32.And He was stating the matter plainly. And Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him.  33.But turning around and seeing His disciples, He rebuked Peter and said, “Get behind Me, Satan; for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but man’s.”

       34.And He summoned the crowd with His disciples, and said to them, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross and follow Me.  35.“For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake and the gospel’s will save it.  36.“For what does it profit a man to gain the whole world, and forfeit his soul?  37.“For what will a man give in exchange for his soul?  38.“For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels.”



Mark 10:17-31      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Rich Young Ruler

       17.As He was setting out on a journey, a man ran up to Him and knelt before Him, and asked Him, “Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”  18.And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone.  19.“You know the commandments, ‘DO NOT MURDER, DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, DO NOT STEAL, DO NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS, Do not defraud, HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER.’”  20.And he said to Him, “Teacher, I have kept all these things from my youth up.”  21.Looking at him, Jesus felt a love for him and said to him, “One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”  22.But at these words he was saddened, and he went away grieving, for he was one who owned much property.

       23.And Jesus, looking around, said to His disciples, “How hard it will be for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God!”  24.The disciples were amazed at His words. But Jesus answered again and said to them, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God!  25.“It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”  26.They were even more astonished and said to Him, “Then who can be saved?”  27.Looking at them, Jesus said, “With people it is impossible, but not with God; for all things are possible with God.”

       28.Peter began to say to Him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed You.”  29.Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for My sake and for the gospel’s sake,  30.but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in the present age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life.  31.“But many who are first will be last, and the last, first.”



Matthew 9:18-38      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Miracles of Healing

       18.While He was saying these things to them, a synagogue official came and bowed down before Him, and said, “My daughter has just died; but come and lay Your hand on her, and she will live.”  19.Jesus got up and began to follow him, and so did His disciples.

       20.And a woman who had been suffering from a hemorrhage for twelve years, came up behind Him and touched the fringe of His cloak;  21.for she was saying to herself, “If I only touch His garment, I will get well.”  22.But Jesus turning and seeing her said, “Daughter, take courage; your faith has made you well.” At once the woman was made well.

       23.When Jesus came into the official’s house, and saw the flute-players and the crowd in noisy disorder,  24.He said, “Leave; for the girl has not died, but is asleep.” And they began laughing at Him.  25.But when the crowd had been sent out, He entered and took her by the hand, and the girl got up.  26.This news spread throughout all that land.

       27.As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed Him, crying out, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!”  28.When He entered the house, the blind men came up to Him, and Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?” They said to Him, “Yes, Lord.”  29.Then He touched their eyes, saying, “It shall be done to you according to your faith.”  30.And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them: “See that no one knows about this!  31.But they went out and spread the news about Him throughout all that land.

       32.As they were going out, a mute, demon-possessed man was brought to Him.  33.After the demon was cast out, the mute man spoke; and the crowds were amazed, and were saying, “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel.”  34.But the Pharisees were saying, “He casts out the demons by the ruler of the demons.”

       35.Jesus was going through all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.

       36.Seeing the people, He felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and dispirited like sheep without a shepherd.  37.Then He said to His disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few.  38.“Therefore beseech the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into His harvest.”




Matthew 24:1-14      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Signs of Christ’s Return

       1.Jesus came out from the temple and was going away when His disciples came up to point out the temple buildings to Him.  2.And He said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another, which will not be torn down.”

       3.As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”

       4.And Jesus answered and said to them, “See to it that no one misleads you.  5.“For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many.  6.“You will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end.  7.“For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes.  8.“But all these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs.

       9.“Then they will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations because of My name.  10.“At that time many will fall away and will betray one another and hate one another.  11.“Many false prophets will arise and will mislead many.  12.“Because lawlessness is increased, most people’s love will grow cold.  13.“But the one who endures to the end, he will be saved.  14.“This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.



1 Corinthians 9      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Paul’s Use of Liberty

       1.Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord?  2.If to others I am not an apostle, at least I am to you; for you are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord.

       3.My defense to those who examine me is this:  4.Do we not have a right to eat and drink?  5.Do we not have a right to take along a believing wife, even as the rest of the apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas?  6.Or do only Barnabas and I not have a right to refrain from working?  7.Who at any time serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat the fruit of it? Or who tends a flock and does not use the milk of the flock?

       8.I am not speaking these things according to human judgment, am I? Or does not the Law also say these things?  9.For it is written in the Law of Moses, “YOU SHALL NOT MUZZLE THE OX WHILE HE IS THRESHING.” God is not concerned about oxen, is He?  10.Or is He speaking altogether for our sake? Yes, for our sake it was written, because the plowman ought to plow in hope, and the thresher to thresh in hope of sharing the crops.  11.If we sowed spiritual things in you, is it too much if we reap material things from you?  12.If others share the right over you, do we not more? Nevertheless, we did not use this right, but we endure all things so that we will cause no hindrance to the gospel of Christ.  13.Do you not know that those who perform sacred services eat the food of the temple, and those who attend regularly to the altar have their share from the altar?  14.So also the Lord directed those who proclaim the gospel to get their living from the gospel.

       15.But I have used none of these things. And I am not writing these things so that it will be done so in my case; for it would be better for me to die than have any man make my boast an empty one.  16.For if I preach the gospel, I have nothing to boast of, for I am under compulsion; for woe is me if I do not preach the gospel.  17.For if I do this voluntarily, I have a reward; but if against my will, I have a stewardship entrusted to me.  18.What then is my reward? That, when I preach the gospel, I may offer the gospel without charge, so as not to make full use of my right in the gospel.

       19.For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a slave to all, so that I may win more.  20.To the Jews I became as a Jew, so that I might win Jews; to those who are under the Law, as under the Law though not being myself under the Law, so that I might win those who are under the Law; those who are without law, as without law, though not being without the law of God but under the law of Christ, so that I might win those who are without law.  22.To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak; I have become all things to all men, so that I may by all means save some.  23.I do all things for the sake of the gospel, so that I may become a fellow partaker of it.

       24.Do you not know that those who run in a race all run, but only one receives the prize? Run in such a way that you may win.  25.Everyone who competes in the games exercises self-control in all things. They then do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable.  26.Therefore I run in such a way, as not without aim; I box in such a way, as not beating the air;  27.but I discipline my body and make it my slave, so that, after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified.



Mark 13:1-23      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Things to Come

       1.As He was going out of the temple, one of His disciples said to Him, “Teacher, behold what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!”  2.And Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone will be left upon another which will not be torn down.”

       3.As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew were questioning Him privately,  4.“Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when all these things are going to be fulfilled?”  5.And Jesus began to say to them, “See to it that no one misleads you.  6.“Many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He!’ and will mislead many.  7.“When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be frightened; those things must take place; but that is not yet the end.  8.“For nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes in various places; there will also be famines. These things are merely the beginning of birth pangs.

       9.“But be on your guard; for they will deliver you to the courts, and you will be flogged in the synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them.  10.“The gospel must first be preached to all the nations.  11.“When they arrest you and hand you over, do not worry beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour; for it is not you who speak, but it is the Holy Spirit.  12.“Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and have them put to death.  13.“You will be hated by all because of My name, but the one who endures to the end, he will be saved.

       14.“But when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION standing where it should not be (let the reader understand), then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.  15.“The one who is on the housetop must not go down, or go in to get anything out of his house;  16.and the one who is in the field must not turn back to get his coat.  17.“But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days!  18.“But pray that it may not happen in the winter.  19.“For those days will be a time of tribulation such as has not occurred since the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will.  20.“Unless the Lord had shortened those days, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect, whom He chose, He shortened the days.  21.“And then if anyone says to you, ‘Behold, here is the Christ’; or, ‘Behold, He is there’; do not believe him;  22.for false Christs and false prophets will arise, and will show signs and wonders, in order to lead astray, if possible, the elect.  23.“But take heed; behold, I have told you everything in advance.



Matthew 26:1-13      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Plot to Kill Jesus

       1.When Jesus had finished all these words, He said to His disciples,  2.“You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man is to be handed over for crucifixion.”

       3.Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, named Caiaphas;  4.and they plotted together to seize Jesus by stealth and kill Him.  5.But they were saying, “Not during the festival, otherwise a riot might occur among the people.”

The Precious Ointment

       6.Now when Jesus was in Bethany, at the home of Simon the leper,  7.a woman came to Him with an alabaster vial of very costly perfume, and she poured it on His head as He reclined at the table.  8.But the disciples were indignant when they saw this, and said, “Why this waste?  9.“For this perfume might have been sold for a high price and the money given to the poor.”  10.But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why do you bother the woman? For she has done a good deed to Me.  11.“For you always have the poor with you; but you do not always have Me.  12.“For when she poured this perfume on My body, she did it to prepare Me for burial.  13.“Truly I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of in memory of her.”



1 Corinthians 15      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Fact of Christ’s Resurrection

       1.Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain.

       3.For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,  4.and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,  5.and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.  6.After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep;  7.then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles;  8.and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also.  9.For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.  10.But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I labored even more than all of them, yet not I, but the grace of God with me.  11.Whether then it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.

       12.Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?  13.But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised;  14.and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.   15.Moreover we are even found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified against God that He raised Christ, whom He did not raise, if in fact the dead are not raised.  16.For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised;  17.and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins.  18.Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished.  19.If we have hoped in Christ in this life only, we are of all men most to be pitied.

The Order of Resurrection

       20.But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep.  21.For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead.  22.For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.  23.But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, after that those who are Christ’s at His coming,  24.then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power.  25.For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet.  26.The last enemy that will be abolished is death.  27.For HE HAS PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET. But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him.  28.When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all.

       29.Otherwise, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them?  30.Why are we also in danger every hour?  31.I affirm, brethren, by the boasting in you which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.  32.If from human motives I fought with wild beasts at Ephesus, what does it profit me? If the dead are not raised, LET US EAT AND DRINK, FOR TOMORROW WE DIE.  33.Do not be deceived: “Bad company corrupts good morals.”  34.Become sober-minded as you ought, and stop sinning; for some have no knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame.

       35.But someone will say, “How are the dead raised? And with what kind of body do they come?”  36.You fool! That which you sow does not come to life unless it dies;  37.and that which you sow, you do not sow the body which is to be, but a bare grain, perhaps of wheat or of something else.  38.But God gives it a body just as He wished, and to each of the seeds a body of its own.  39.All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.  40.There are also heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the heavenly is one, and the glory of the earthly is another.  41.There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for star differs from star in glory.

       42.So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown a perishable body, it is raised an imperishable body; is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.  45.So also it is written, “The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.  46.However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual.  47.The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven.  48.As is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly.  49.Just as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly.

The Mystery of Resurrection

       50.Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.  51.Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.  53.For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality.  54.But when this perishable will have put on the imperishable, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then will come about the saying that is written, “DEATH IS SWALLOWED UP in victory.  55.O DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR VICTORY? O DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR STING?”  56.The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law;  57.but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

       58.Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your toil is not in vain in the Lord.




Ephesians 1      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Blessings of Redemption

       1.Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God,
          To the saints who are at Ephesus and who are faithful in Christ Jesus: 
2.Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

       3.Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ,  4.just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love  5.He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved.  7.In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace  8.which He lavished on us. In all wisdom and insight  9.He made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His kind intention which He purposed in Him  10.with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth. In Him  11.also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will, the end that we who were the first to hope in Christ would be to the praise of His glory.  13.In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,  14.who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.

       15.For this reason I too, having heard of the faith in the Lord Jesus which exists among you and your love for all the saints, not cease giving thanks for you, while making mention of you in my prayers;  17.that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him.  18.I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, 19.and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might  20.which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places,  21.far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.  22.And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,  23.which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.



Acts 15:1-12      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Council at Jerusalem

       1.Some men came down from Judea and began teaching the brethren, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.”  2.And when Paul and Barnabas had great dissension and debate with them, the brethren determined that Paul and Barnabas and some others of them should go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and elders concerning this issue.  3.Therefore, being sent on their way by the church, they were passing through both Phoenicia and Samaria, describing in detail the conversion of the Gentiles, and were bringing great joy to all the brethren.  4.When they arrived at Jerusalem, they were received by the church and the apostles and the elders, and they reported all that God had done with them.  5.But some of the sect of the Pharisees who had believed stood up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them and to direct them to observe the Law of Moses.”

       6.The apostles and the elders came together to look into this matter.  7.After there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, “Brethren, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles would hear the word of the gospel and believe.  8.“And God, who knows the heart, testified to them giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us;  9.and He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith.  10.“Now therefore why do you put God to the test by placing upon the neck of the disciples a yoke which neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear?  11.“But we believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, in the same way as they also are.”

       12.All the people kept silent, and they were listening to Barnabas and Paul as they were relating what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles.



2 Corinthians 4      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Paul’s Apostolic Ministry

       1.Therefore, since we have this ministry, as we received mercy, we do not lose heart,  2.but we have renounced the things hidden because of shame, not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.  3.And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.  5.For we do not preach ourselves but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your bond-servants for Jesus’ sake.  6.For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.

       7.But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, so that the surpassing greatness of the power will be of God and not from ourselves;  8.we are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not despairing;  9.persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed;  10.always carrying about in the body the dying of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our body.  11.For we who live are constantly being delivered over to death for Jesus’ sake, so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh.  12.So death works in us, but life in you.

       13.But having the same spirit of faith, according to what is written, “I BELIEVED, THEREFORE I SPOKE,” we also believe, therefore we also speak,  14.knowing that He who raised the Lord Jesus will raise us also with Jesus and will present us with you.  15.For all things are for your sakes, so that the grace which is spreading to more and more people may cause the giving of thanks to abound to the glory of God.

       16.Therefore we do not lose heart, but though our outer man is decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day.  17.For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison,  18.while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.



2 Corinthians 11      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Paul Defends His Apostleship

       1.I wish that you would bear with me in a little foolishness; but indeed you are bearing with me.  2.For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, so that to Christ I might present you as a pure virgin.  3.But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ.  4.For if one comes and preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different gospel which you have not accepted, you bear this beautifully.  5.For I consider myself not in the least inferior to the most eminent apostles.  6.But even if I am unskilled in speech, yet I am not so in knowledge; in fact, in every way we have made this evident to you in all things.

       7.Or did I commit a sin in humbling myself so that you might be exalted, because I preached the gospel of God to you without charge?  8.I robbed other churches by taking wages from them to serve you;  9.and when I was present with you and was in need, I was not a burden to anyone; for when the brethren came from Macedonia they fully supplied my need, and in everything I kept myself from being a burden to you, and will continue to do so.  10.As the truth of Christ is in me, this boasting of mine will not be stopped in the regions of Achaia.  11.Why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do!

       12.But what I am doing I will continue to do, so that I may cut off opportunity from those who desire an opportunity to be regarded just as we are in the matter about which they are boasting.  13.For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.  14.No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.  15.Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds.

       16.Again I say, let no one think me foolish; but if you do, receive me even as foolish, so that I also may boast a little.  17.What I am saying, I am not saying as the Lord would, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of boasting.  18.Since many boast according to the flesh, I will boast also.  19.For you, being so wise, tolerate the foolish gladly.  20.For you tolerate it if anyone enslaves you, anyone devours you, anyone takes advantage of you, anyone exalts himself, anyone hits you in the face.  21.To my shame I must say that we have been weak by comparison.
       But in whatever respect anyone else is bold—I speak in foolishness—I am just as bold myself. 
22.Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they descendants of Abraham? So am I.  23.Are they servants of Christ?—I speak as if insane—I more so; in far more labors, in far more imprisonments, beaten times without number, often in danger of death.  24.Five times I received from the Jews thirty-nine lashes.  25.Three times I was beaten with rods, once I was stoned, three times I was shipwrecked, a night and a day I have spent in the deep.  26.I have been on frequent journeys, in dangers from rivers, dangers from robbers, dangers from my countrymen, dangers from the Gentiles, dangers in the city, dangers in the wilderness, dangers on the sea, dangers among false brethren;  27.I have been in labor and hardship, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.  28.Apart from such external things, there is the daily pressure on me of concern for all the churches.  29.Who is weak without my being weak? Who is led into sin without my intense concern?

       30.If I have to boast, I will boast of what pertains to my weakness.  31.The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying.  32.In Damascus the ethnarch under Aretas the king was guarding the city of the Damascenes in order to seize me,  33.and I was let down in a basket through a window in the wall, and so escaped his hands.



Ephesians 6:10-24      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Armor of God

       10.Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of His might.  11.Put on the full armor of God, so that you will be able to stand firm against the schemes of the devil.  12.For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.  13.Therefore, take up the full armor of God, so that you will be able to resist in the evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm.  14.Stand firm therefore, HAVING GIRDED YOUR LOINS WITH TRUTH, and HAVING PUT ON THE BREASTPLATE OF RIGHTEOUSNESS15.and having shod YOUR FEET WITH THE PREPARATION OF THE GOSPEL OF addition to all, taking up the shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.  17.And take THE HELMET OF SALVATION, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

       18.With all prayer and petition pray at all times in the Spirit, and with this in view, be on the alert with all perseverance and petition for all the saints,  19.and pray on my behalf, that utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel,  20.for which I am an ambassador in chains; that in proclaiming it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

       21.But that you also may know about my circumstances, how I am doing, Tychicus, the beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, will make everything known to you.  22.I have sent him to you for this very purpose, so that you may know about us, and that he may comfort your hearts.

       23.Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  24.Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ with incorruptible love.



1 Timothy 1      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Misleadings in Doctrine and Living

       1.Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus according to the commandment of God our Savior, and of Christ Jesus, who is our hope,

       2.To Timothy, my true child in the faith: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

       3.As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia, remain on at Ephesus so that you may instruct certain men not to teach strange doctrines,  4.nor to pay attention to myths and endless genealogies, which give rise to mere speculation rather than furthering the administration of God which is by faith.  5.But the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith.  6.For some men, straying from these things, have turned aside to fruitless discussion,  7.wanting to be teachers of the Law, even though they do not understand either what they are saying or the matters about which they make confident assertions.

       8.But we know that the Law is good, if one uses it lawfully,  9.realizing the fact that law is not made for a righteous person, but for those who are lawless and rebellious, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers  10.and immoral men and homosexuals and kidnappers and liars and perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching,  11.according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, with which I have been entrusted.

       12.I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who has strengthened me, because He considered me faithful, putting me into service,  13.even though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor. Yet I was shown mercy because I acted ignorantly in unbelief;  14.and the grace of our Lord was more than abundant, with the faith and love which are found in Christ Jesus.  15.It is a trustworthy statement, deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all.  16.Yet for this reason I found mercy, so that in me as the foremost, Jesus Christ might demonstrate His perfect patience as an example for those who would believe in Him for eternal life.  17.Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.

       18.This command I entrust to you, Timothy, my son, in accordance with the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you fight the good fight,  19.keeping faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and suffered shipwreck in regard to their faith.  20.Among these are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan, so that they will be taught not to blaspheme.



2 Thessalonians 1      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Thanksgiving for Faith and Perseverance

       1.Paul and Silvanus and Timothy,
       To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: 
2.Grace to you and peace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

       3.We ought always to give thanks to God for you, brethren, as is only fitting, because your faith is greatly enlarged, and the love of each one of you toward one another grows ever greater;  4.therefore, we ourselves speak proudly of you among the churches of God for your perseverance and faith in the midst of all your persecutions and afflictions which you endure.  5.This is a plain indication of God’s righteous judgment so that you will be considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which indeed you are suffering.  6.For after all it is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,  7.and to give relief to you who are afflicted and to us as well when the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire,  8.dealing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.  9.These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power,  10.when He comes to be glorified in His saints on that day, and to be marveled at among all who have believed—for our testimony to you was believed.  11.To this end also we pray for you always, that our God will count you worthy of your calling, and fulfill every desire for goodness and the work of faith with power, that the name of our Lord Jesus will be glorified in you, and you in Him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.



2 Thessalonians 2      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Man of Lawlessness

       1.Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him,  2.that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come.  3.Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction,  4.who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God.  5.Do you not remember that while I was still with you, I was telling you these things?  6.And you know what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed.  7.For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only he who now restrains will do so until he is taken out of the way.  8.Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming;  9.that is, the one whose coming is in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders,  10.and with all the deception of wickedness for those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth so as to be saved.  11.For this reason God will send upon them a deluding influence so that they will believe what is false, order that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but took pleasure in wickedness.

       13.But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth.  14.It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.  15.So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter from us.

       16.Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope by grace,  17.comfort and strengthen your hearts in every good work and word.



The word apostasy comes directly from the Greek Word: ἀποστασία, apostasía (from aphístemi, "leave, depart," which is derived from apó, "away from" and histémi, "stand") – properly, departure (implying desertion); apostasy – literally, "a leaving, from a previous standing."



2 Timothy 1      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
Timothy Charged to Guard His Trust

       1.Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, according to the promise of life in Christ Jesus,

       2.To Timothy, my beloved son: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

       3.I thank God, whom I serve with a clear conscience the way my forefathers did, as I constantly remember you in my prayers night and day,  4.longing to see you, even as I recall your tears, so that I may be filled with joy.  5.For I am mindful of the sincere faith within you, which first dwelt in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice, and I am sure that it is in you as well.  6.For this reason I remind you to kindle afresh the gift of God which is in you through the laying on of my hands.  7.For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline.

       8.Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord or of me His prisoner, but join with me in suffering for the gospel according to the power of God,  9.who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity,  10.but now has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,  11.for which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle and a teacher.  12.For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day.  13.Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.  14.Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you.

       15.You are aware of the fact that all who are in Asia turned away from me, among whom are Phygelus and Hermogenes.  16.The Lord grant mercy to the house of Onesiphorus, for he often refreshed me and was not ashamed of my chains;  17.but when he was in Rome, he eagerly searched for me and found me—  18.the Lord grant to him to find mercy from the Lord on that day—and you know very well what services he rendered at Ephesus.



Revelation 14      New American Standard Bible (NASB)     Greek Interlinear  
The Lamb and the 144,000 on Mount Zion

       1.Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.  2.And I heard a voice from heaven, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of loud thunder, and the voice which I heard was like the sound of harpists playing on their harps.  3.And they sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one could learn the song except the one hundred and forty-four thousand who had been purchased from the earth.  4.These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb.  5.And no lie was found in their mouth; they are blameless.

Vision of the Angel with the Gospel

       6.And I saw another angel flying in midheaven, having an eternal gospel to preach to those who live on the earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and people;  7.and he said with a loud voice, “Fear God, and give Him glory, because the hour of His judgment has come; worship Him who made the heaven and the earth and sea and springs of waters.”

       8.And another angel, a second one, followed, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, she who has made all the nations drink of the wine of the passion of her immorality.”

Doom for Worshipers of the Beast

       9.Then another angel, a third one, followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand,  10.he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed in full strength in the cup of His anger; and he will be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.  11.“And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever; they have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.”  12.Here is the perseverance of the saints who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.

       13.And I heard a voice from heaven, saying, “Write, ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on!’” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “so that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow with them.”

The Reapers

       14.Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and sitting on the cloud was one like a son of man, having a golden crown on His head and a sharp sickle in His hand.  15.And another angel came out of the temple, crying out with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Put in your sickle and reap, for the hour to reap has come, because the harvest of the earth is ripe.”  16.Then He who sat on the cloud swung His sickle over the earth, and the earth was reaped.

       17.And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, and he also had a sharp sickle.  18.Then another angel, the one who has power over fire, came out from the altar; and he called with a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Put in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe.”  19.So the angel swung his sickle to the earth and gathered the clusters from the vine of the earth, and threw them into the great wine press of the wrath of God.  20.And the wine press was trodden outside the city, and blood came out from the wine press, up to the horses’ bridles, for a distance of two hundred miles.

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